Fragmentation of ocean governance addressed as one of the key topics during the World Ocean Summit 2014

March 12, 2014 in Uncategorized by Marija Isailovic

Although The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is the overarching framework for ocean governance and the core international agreement that defines the rights and responsibilities of nations in ocean resource utilization and management, such as commercial shipping, industrial fishing, and marine pollution, it is argued that the UN system for governing oceans is not adequate enough to address both direct as well as unintended impacts on ocean resources and associated fragmented ocean governance architecture (Zondervan et al. 2013). Accordingly, rethinking governance of the ocean is one of the vital future tasks for policy makers. Such developments have also been recognized as one of the core themes during the World Ocean Summit 2014 held in February in San Francisco that brought together leading governance institutions, academia and the private sector. During the Summit the fragmentation of ocean governance was addressed as one of the key issues. The proliferation of treaties, agreements, management approaches as well as the emergence of new governance arrangements such as the Arctic Council and informal arrangements was recognized as a key structural characteristic of ocean governance that has to be taken into account in future efforts to create a new framework for global ocean governance.

Zondervan, Ruben., Leopoldo Cavaleri Gerhardinger, Isabel Torres de Noronha, Mark Joseph Spalding and Oran R. Young. Ocean Governance in the Anthropocene. IGBP Global Change Magazine, 81: 24-27. October 2013.